One of two continents named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci, North America has a population of over 560 million people, making up 7.5% of the world population. It’s the 4th largest continent after Asia, Africa & Europe, with a population density is approximately 22.9 per sq km, which is the largest for any continent in the world.
With over 77% of the population identifying with it, Christianity is the largest religion, Canada, the United States and Mexico host communities of both Jews( 1.8%), Buddhist( 1.1%) Muslims ( 1.0%). The religiously unaffiliated which includes atheist & agnostic make up 17.1% of the population of Canada and the United States, while no religion make up about 22.8% of the United States population, and 23.9% of Canada total population. The dominant language spoken on the continent is English, followed by Spanish and French.
CLIMATE: While the greater part of North America falls within the temperate zone—a fact that made it attractive to European settlers—large cool-to-cold areas lie in the north and extend as far south as the Ozark Mountains in winter. The continent’s northerly position means that some parts have unusually long and cold winters. Most of the continent is humid and provides an adequate water supply for settlement and development.
CULTURE: A historical melting pot of cultures and identities, North America features some of the world’s most multicultural art. From Toronto's film festival to Mexico City's thriving music scene, North America is a veritable smorgasbord of enlightening experiences just waiting to be uncovered.
GEOGRAPHY: The continent has an area of 24,709,000 sq. km (9,540,000 sq. m) which is about 16.5% of the earths land area and 4.8% of its total surface. It’s the 3rd largest continent by area following Asia and Africa. It is about twice the size of Europe. Canada and the USA occupy more than 79% of the continent. North America is bordered by the arctic ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Pacific Ocean to the west and to the southeast by south America and the Caribbean Sea. The only continent to have all five time zones. Highest Point is Mt McKinley in Alaska, 20,322ft (6,194m) & Lowest Point is Death Valley in California, -282 ft. (-86m) below sea level. The geographic Centre is 6 miles west of Balta, Pierce County, North Dakota" at approximately 48° 10´ N 100° 10´ W. Horizontal Width from San Francisco, California, east to New York City, NY is 2,582 miles (4,156 km), while the vertical Length from Barrow, Alaska, directly southeast to Panama City, Panama is 5,347 miles (8,605 km)
WILDLIFE & ECOLOGY: North America is home to an enormous bird population, black and brown bears, squirrels, goats, wolves, coyotes and many others.
ECONOMY: North America is one of the most economically developed regions in the world, and its inhabitants enjoy a high standard of living. It has the highest average income per person of any continent. The continent is richly endowed with natural resources, including great mineral wealth, vast forests, immense quantities of fresh water, and some of the world’s most fertile soils.
FUN FACTS: North America has hosted the Olympics 12 times ~ Vancouver in the United States of America has been voted the best place to live on the continent ~ Approximately 50% of the world's maize / corn harvest are produced in North America ~ The cactus is only found in the Americas. It can suck up to 200 gallons of water from a single rainfall and store it for months.
TOURISM: Each year, scores of visitors troop into North America for business, tourism and more. The continent is home to spectacular locations and surreal sceneries bordered by oceans on all sides. Travel the continent.
Visit the fountain huge underground cave in Shoal bay in ANGUILLA, enjoy the national game of warri in ANTIGUA & BARBUDA, tour the Bubali bird sanctuary in ARUBA, dive the wrecks of San Jacinto in Abacos BAHAMAS, surf the waves in Rockley beaach BARBADOS, dive off the Cayes in BELIZE, go fishing in the waters of BERMUDA, unwind on the beautiful pink beach in BONAIRE, climb the Sage mountain in the BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS, partake in the numerous activities on offer in Baffin island CANADA, view the original Batmobile at the Cayman motor museum in CAYMAN ISLANDS, catch a glimpse of the pyrotechnic display of the Arenal volcano erupting 41 times a day in COSTA RICA, visit the Museo de la revolution in CUBA, water ski in the clear and warm seas of CURAÇAO, visit the boiling lake at Morne Trois Pitons national park in DOMINICA, shop for the best quality amber in the DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, try out the various delicious street foods on offer in EL SALVADOR, visit the worlds largest national park in GREENLAND, attend the sailing festival in GRENADA, climb the La Grande Soufrière active volcano in GUADELOUPE, get a canopy tour through the rainforests of GUATEMALA, visit the Gulf of Gonâve in HAITI, swim with Whale Sharks in the Bay island HONDURAS, go on a Bob Marley pilgrimage in JAMAICA, go horse riding through the countryside of MARTINIQUE, tour a distillery for authentic tequila tasting in MEXICO, go birdwatching in MONTSERRAT, zipline over the Mombacho volcano in NICARAGUA, swing through tree canopy in El Nispero botanical gardens in PANAMA, view the largest single aperture radio tesco-ever at the Arecibo observatory in PUERTO RICO, roam through the Bébour forest in REUNION ISLAND, party Caribbean way at the carnival in SABA, hike the Mazinga trail in ST EUSTATIUS, climb Mount Liamuiga in ST KITTS & NEVIS, go snorkelling in Anse Chastanet ST LUCIA, cross over from Dutch ST MAARTEN into French ST MARTIN, watch the locals build their boats by hand in Admiralty bay ST VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES, party Trini style and dance to the steel bands in TRINIDAD & TOBAGO, marvel at the sight of the migrating Whales in TURKS & CAICOS, visit the Martin Luther King jr national historic site in the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA & enjoy a glass of local rum in the US VIRGIN ISLANDS.