Formerly known before 1840 as Terra Australis Incognita, meaning the unknown Southern land.One of the worlds true wilderness, It is the highest continent and has an area of 13,720,000 sq km (5,100,021 sq mi), 8.9% of earths land, making it the 5th largest continent.
The Antarctic Treaty was signed on Dec. 1, 1959, It dedicates the continent to peaceful research activities. Antarctica has no capital city, official language or currency. There are no cities, villages or farms, no permanent settlements or inhabitants, population varies just below 5000 people at any given time year round scattered across different research stations.
Natural resources including Coal, iron ore, oil & gas, chromium and others have been discovered in varying quantities however mining & other exploitations of the land is prohibited
GEOGRAPHY: The southernmost continent of all. The geographical south pole of the earth is found here. Made up of permanent glaciers that surround the south pole, 98% of Antarctica is covered in ice. t has the highest elevation of all continents being Vinson Massif at 16,066ft )4,8897m). The lowest point on the continent is Bentley Subglacial Trench – 2555m
CLIMATE: The coldest and windiest continent place on Earth. The water is so cold that nothing can rot there. The lowest ever recorded temperature – 89.2 c/-129f . winds go up to 200 miles per hour. Time stands still in Antarctica. There are no time zones. In summer time, it is light 24 hours a day.
WILDLIFE & ECOLOGY: Antarctica is home to animals such as Seals, whales, tardigrades, different types of penguins, orcas, colossal squid and more.
ECONOMY: Antarctica has no economic activities.
FUN FACTS: Some parts of Antarctica have had no rain or snow for the past 2 million years ~ It is the only continent without reptiles. ~ Holds 90% of the worlds fresh water ~ Antarctica has no time zone ~ Chile has a civilian town in Antarctica, complete with a school, hospital, hostel, post office, Internet, TV and mobile phone coverage, located on President Eduardo Frei Montalva Base. ~ The first human to be born on the continent is an Argentinian. ~ Every year, a half marathon, marathon and a 100K run take place in Antarctica despite an average windchill temperature of -20°C. ~
Over 30,000 tourist visit yearly on cruise ships. Visitors can arrive the continent by boat, air dropped in or simply fly above. There is the White desert camp, Antarctica's only luxury camp.
THINGS TO DO IN ANTARCTICA